Buddhism is considered to be one of the world religions (along with Christianity and Islam). It was originated in ancient India in the VI-V centuries BC. Siddhartha Gautama is considered to be the founder of Buddhism. The main directions are: Hinayana and Mahayana. The flourishing of Buddhism in India was in the Vth century BC - early 1st millennium AD. It was spread in the South-East and Central Asia, partly in Middle Asia and Siberia. Buddhism focuses on the teaching of "four noble truths": there is suffering, its cause is the state of liberation and the path to it. Suffering is a state of anxiety, stress; liberation (nirvana) is a state when the person is not connected with the outside world and doesn’t feel the satisfaction and self-sufficiency, which causes the destruction of wish, or even the extinction of its passion. In Buddhism there is an important principle that recommends avoiding such extremes like passion to the sensual satisfaction and complete suppression of this desire. In order to reach the state of liberation in Buddhism, there are many special ways (such as meditation, "Buddhist Yoga"). In Buddhism there is no soul as the unchanged substance, there is no opposition between subject and object, spirit and matter, there is no God as creator and Supreme Being. During the development of Buddhism there were gradually developed a cult of the Buddha and Bodhisattvas, ritual, and monastic communities, etc. There are about 500 million followers of Buddhism in the world.
Others The Main Religions of the World .